How can we find rules/regularities in language?
Introspection: How would I say that?
Elicitation: How would you say that?
Corpus Analysis: analyzing a large number of collected texts
What are constituents?
“the building blocks of syntax”
defintion: a word/ a string of words that syntactically act as a unit in a larger construction
What constituency tests are there?
the substitution test
the movement test
the sentence fragment test
they don’t work with all sentenes -> not 100% reliable