What are common philophical implications with AI?
Can machines be intelligent? Or conscious?
How do minds work?
Can minds work without bodies?
Is it possible for machines to act intelligently like humans?
If it is, can we say they have a mind?
What criteria can we use whether an entity is intelligent or has a mind?
What does it mean for society to have artificial intelligence?
What is the Loebner competition?
It is the modern day version of the Turing Test
Human and computer argue about a specific topic of the computers choice
100.00$ for the first indistiguishable program
Mitsuku / Kuki won the Loebner price, as a succesor of Eliza
What are CAPTCHAs for?
CAPTHAs are very difficult for computers to solve and should be defferntiate between a human and a computer
What is the difference between weak and strong AI?
build agents that act rationally and accomplish some specific goals
but they are not universally intelligent
build an agent which is universally intelligent
AI-complete problems –> problems for which it is believed to have universal intelligence
What is the physical symbol systems hypothesis?
Proposed by Newell and Simon:
“A physical symbol system has the necessary and sufficient means for intelligent action.”
A physical symbol system consists of a set of entities, which can occur in another type of entitity calles expression. It also posesses the ability to create, modify, copy and destroy symbols
PSSH is the key aspect what is meant ba strong AI
It is also annoying to many philosphers, since they don’t want to degrade human intelligence by that means
What is the Grandmother cell?
It is related to the question if we have a certain part in our brain, which is responsible for recognizing our grandmother
It is still debated whether the representations is:
sparse –> only one or a few neurons are responsible for recognizing your grandmother
distributed –> the activiation pattern of a large number of neurons is important
What are Turings 9 objections to strong AI?
Turing’s objectives tried to argue with the most common counterarguments of the possible existince of strong AI
What is Searles Chinese Room argument?
It is a classical thought experiment with the goal of defeating the idea of strong AI
A translator sits in a room and cannot speak Chinese, but he posesses a language book, which accurately states in which case which symbol should be used
At the end he produces a reasonable text, but he did not quite understand what he was doing
This experiment would pass the Turing Test, since the outside believes that someone in the box must speak Chinese. But actually the computer cannot speak Chinese
That heavily implies the difference betweeen true and simulated intelligence
What is the mind-body problem?
asks how mental states and processes are related to brain states and processes
What is the brain in a vat argument?
would a brain still work if it would be removed from the body and replaced by another very similiar model
What did Kasparov and Turing think about the matter “do machines think”?
In many domains they at least make the impression
Is the intelligence of an action dependent on who (or what) takes it?
Nevertheless I believe that at the end of the century the use of words and general educated opinion will have altered so much that one will be able to speak of machines thinking without expecting to be contradicted.