List the 3 most common causes.
Biliary pancreatitis (∼ 40% of cases; mostly caused by gallstones)
Alcohol-induced (∼ 20% of cases)
Idiopathic (∼ 25% of cases)
List other causes.
Hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis: caused by severe hypertriglyceridemia (> 1,000 mg/dL)
Loop and thiazide diuretics
Anticonvulsants (e.g., valproate)
Viral infections (e.g., coxsackievirus B, mumps)
Trauma (especially in children)
Autoimmune and rheumatological disorders (e.g., Sjögren syndrome)
Hereditary (e.g., mutation of PRSS1 gene, cystic fibrosis
Mnemonic most common causes.
I GET SMASHED: Idiopathic, Gallstones, Ethanol, Trauma, Steroids, Mumps, Autoimmune, Scorpion poison, Hypercalcemia and hypertriglyceridemia, ERCP, and Drugs are the most common causes of acute pancreatitis.