Describe causes for primary hypertension.
Multifactorial etiology including epigenetic, genetic, and environmental factors
Directly related to total peripheral resistance and cardiac output
List risk factors for primary hypertension.
Nonmodifiable risk factors
Positive family history
Race and ethnicity
Modifiable risk factors
Overweight and obesity (greatest modifiable risk factor)
Excessive alcohol intake
Diet high in sodium and low in potassium