List extraintestinal symptoms.
General: fatigue, fever
Skeletal (most common extraintestinal manifestation of ulcerative colitis): osteoarthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, sacroiliitis
Ocular: uveitis, episcleritis, iritis
Biliary: primary sclerosing cholangitis (it is rare for patients with ulcerative colitis to develop PSC, but up to 90% of all patients with PSC will also have ulcerative colitis)
A very rare condition that is associated with other cutaneous diseases and inflammatory bowel disease, particularly ulcerative colitis
Manifests with multiple aphthae and pustules of the oral mucosa
In children and adolescents: growth retardation and delayed puberty
PSC is often associated with inflammatory bowel disease, especially ulcerative colitis. However, only approximately 4% of patients with inflammatory bowel disease develop PSC.
“ULCCCERS:” Ulcers, Large intestine, Continuous/Colon cancer/Crypt abscesses, Extends proximally, Red diarrhea, and Sclerosing cholangitis are the characteristics of ulcerative colitis.