Name common clinical features of PH
Patients with early PH may be asymptomatic.
Common clinical features
Dyspnea and/or syncope on exertion
Clinical features of underlying etiology (e.g., COPD, OSA, PE)
Name physical examination findings of PH
Loud and palpable second heart sound (often split)
Jugular vein distention
Symptoms of right heart failure (e.g., palpitations, peripheral edema, hepatojugular reflux)
-> Clinical symptoms may be inconspicuous, especially in the early stages when symptoms of underlying diseases such as COPD may eclipse those of PH.