Define neonatal ARDS.
Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome is caused by impaired synthesis and secretion of surfactant
List risk factors.
Maternal diabetes mellitus: leads to ↑ fetal insulin, which inhibits surfactant synthesis
Cesarean delivery: results in lower levels of fetal glucocorticoids than vaginal delivery, in which higher levels are released as a response to stress from uterine contractions