Describe the ocular examination.
May be normal in patients with early cataracts
Typically decreases with cataract progression
Cortical cataracts may manifest as hyperopia.
Changes to the red reflex, including:
Opacities (including leukocoria)
Absent or decreased red reflex
Obscuration of ocular fundus detail
Common: grey, white, yellow, or brownish clouding of the lens (see also “Types of cataracts”)
Traumatic cataract: rosette/stellate-shaped clouding of the lens